When drafting the Virginia Declaration of Rights in 1776 – George Mason put in a sentence regarding the free and secular Government that James Madison improved in a small, but very important way.
The original called for: “the fullest toleration in the exercise of religion.”
Madison rewrote this to: “All men are equally entitled to the full and free exercise of religion”
And his argument was this:
Toleration implies those who tolerate: superiors who grant freedom to others. But who can be trusted to pass such judgments, even if the judgment is to live and let live?
[..] No one could be said to allow men to worship as they wished; they worshipped as they wished because it was their right as men. Madison’s language shifted the ground of religious liberty from a tolerant society or state, to human nature, and lifted the Declaration of Rights from an event in Virginia history to a landmark of world intellectual history.